نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکترای حقوق عمومی دانشکده حقوق، الهیات و علوم سیاسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
3 استاد دانشکدة حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران
4 استادیار گروه حقوق عمومی، دانشکده حقوق ، الهیات و علوم سیاسی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Legislative policies specify the orientation and policy of the legislator in devising laws and regulations. These policies, which are formulated in the framework of the general policies of the system, should be based on jurisprudential principles, due to the shar‘ī nature of the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran according to the article 4 of the constitution. The dynamism of Shī‘a jurisprudence and its attention to various social contingencies, including cultural, political and economic, is one of the strengths of Shī‘a jurisprudence, which distinguish it from other religious systems. Since the political system of any society is considered to underlie the legal system of that society, paying attention to the patterns of evolution in political principles and macro theories can provide the possibility for changes in legal and judicial strategies.
The present research was written with the aim of explaining the theoretical infrastructure in Shī‘a jurisprudence in order to create strategic changes in legislative approaches. Given the fundamental role of jurisprudential discourse in the formation of various socio-legal policies, emphasis on the dynamism of jurisprudence and reliance on it in infrastructural issues and macro-government discourses, will pave the way for revising many policy-makings and inflexible approaches in the field of legislation.
In order to appraise the feasibility of strategic change in legislative policies, this research, with a descriptive-analytical approach, tries to answer the question as to “What changes – and with what contexts and approaches – have taken place in the field of legitimacy of governance in Shī‘a jurisprudence?” In this article, the developments made in the strategic concepts of the legal and political system are examined according to various aspects, including the social and political characteristics that govern the present age and society, and the opinions of scholars and thinkers are brought up and analyzed. Paying attention to the deep transformation of the opinions of Shī‘a scholars and thinkers about government and politics after constitutionalism can be a basis for strategic transformation in legislative policies, especially new legislation in such areas as banking and dealing with administrative corruption.