نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
کارشناسی ارشد گروه فقه شافعی، دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Uterine rent is one of the almost new topics in which the nature, validity and invalidity and its effects have been variously debated and different opinions have been expressed. In most studies and researches in this field, the nature of this obligation and the rules governing it have usually been considered as the criterion for the man and woman who have the sperm, but in this research, the main attention and emphasis is on the woman who undertakes this Commits and what is the necessity and justification on the basis of which he agrees to this action. Can the subject of the contract be the encroachment on a part of the human body? In this study, the correctness of citing the principle of immorality has been criticized and evaluated, and by examining one of the pre-Islamic marriages called "marriage of impeachment", it is concluded that the ownership of ablution, including the rights of God It has been given exclusively to the couple through marriage. Finally, due to the conflict of this contract with the general rules of contracts, including the subject of marriage and good morals, the rights of the child and the rules of non-mahram, the promise to annul it is strengthened.