نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار، گروه علوم قرآن و فقه، دانشکده الهیات، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Islamic schools of thought have contradicting opinions about the in-absentia funeral prayer, which is due to several reasons resulting from various factors such as the Holy Prophet’s in-absentia funeral prayer for Najāshī. In the present study, which is conducted by relying on the library resources and using descriptive analytic methodology, we attempt to analyze the jurisprudential principles of in-absentia funeral prayer for the deceased. The findings of the research show that different schools of thoughts have various understandings for the instances of in-absentia funeral prayer. However, all of them allow this prayer as per the validity of the hadith regarding the Prophet’s in-absentia funeral prayer for Najāshī. Some of the jurists believe that such kind of prayer is permissible only for the deceased with outstanding characteristics. Others believe in wider range for the in-absentia deceased and consider it to include the missing and the drowned bodies. Besides, there are different views about the in-absentia funeral prayer in large cities (bilād-i kabīra). As the Shi’a jurists and some Sunni school of thoughts have clearly declared, in-absentia funeral prayer is not permissible because the term ṣalāt (prayer) is interpretable concerning the Prophet’s performing in-absentia prayer for Najāshī. Meanwhile, there is also the possibility that the dead body of Najāshī could have been transferred to the presence of the Prophet who then performed funeral prayer on his dead body.