نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
سطح چهارحوزه علمیه، رشته فقه و اصول و کارشناسی ارشد رشته شیعه شناسی، دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب، قم، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the renowned view of the Imāmī jurists, in order to purify the dishes that have become impure through direct contact with a dog’s mouth, it is necessary to rub them with soil (ta‘fīr); the only evidence to prove this matter is hadiths, and no valid evidence can be found for it in the verses of the Holy Qur’an or rational arguments or even consensus. In hadiths related concerning the ruling of ta‘fīr, three phrases wulūgh al-kalb (dog’s lapping up water), shurb al-kalb (dog’s drinking water), faḍl al-kalb (dog’s remainder) are clearly mentioned. Besides these indisputable phrases, the disputable phrase lat‘ al-kalb (dog’s licking) has also been considered by jurists. In the present article, it will be clarified that each of the above-mentioned four phrases has a specific meaning and the ruling of ta‘fīr is not applicable to all those cases. Also, the renowned view of the Imāmī jurists regarding the relevance of the term wulūgh for the ruling of ta‘fīr will be critically reviewed. According to the performed investigations, the phrase wulūgh al-kalb, despite being mentioned in some narrations, does not have the required credibility to be relied on. In this research, by comparing and examining the evidence of these four phrases, it will be clarified that only the phrase faḍl al-kalb enjoys an acceptable scholarly support, and the term lat‘, which is not one of the subjects included in the ruling of ta‘fīr, will be included in the ruling ta‘fīr only if it leads to the realization of clear instance of faḍl al-kalb.