نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استاد، گروه فقه شافعی، دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Tolerance is acceptance and respect for races, cultures, and diverse ways of living, thinking and expression; Acceptance and respect from awareness and honesty and power position. Tolerance, which was considered a moral virtue, has entered the field of political philosophy due to historical and social necessities and has finally become a universal cultural and legal norm. Today it is a precondition for peace and development and is considered a macro-policy requirement. The founders and theorists of the Shafi'i religion, under the influence of the theories of the Holy Qur'an and the Holy Prophetic tradition, the wide view of Imam Shafi'i', and the foundations of the Ash'ari school of moderation, have been admirably tolerant. And from the position of scientific authority and privileged social status, they have consciously and honestly respected the leaders and followers of other religions and have considered their ijtihad principles and jurisprudential fatwas to be correct. In addition to theoretical tolerances in practice, the Shafi'is has always faced others on the basis of good understanding and positive interaction. There is ample evidence to support this claim in their written heritage and practice.