عنوان مقاله [English]
- There are a few government in the world which have a united culture. Generally, one culture as an official and dominant culture is supported by the central government and recognized. Such an approach results the discontent of other cultural groups. Different groups who are in such a situation, often claim their rights by human rights literature or minority rights. A number of theorists have proposed an “equal citizen” theory to solve this problem. The other ones also, have provided a solution to claim the rights of cultural groups and minority by presentation the theory of a “different citizenship’’ or “multicultural citizenship’’ and sometimes ‘’tended multicultural’’ in the area of minority rights and citizen rights. Among these theories, the theories of thinkers such as Will Kymlicka and Irish Marion Yang are significant. .Qur’anic verses and Islamic law sources have special rules hereof, and they seem to confirm the approach of a different citizen with equal citizen. This article seeks to challenge the classical theories of citizenship rights on the basis of "equal citizen" and on the basis of the theory of "multicultural citizenship" and "different citizens" of the abovementioned scholars and a number of Qur’anic verses and affected by the aforementioned theory, provides a new framework for claiming minority rights and solving their problems in countries with mosaics of ethnic, national, cultural and different identities. And seeks to provide a model that is consistent with and compatible with multicultural countries to peaceful living with admission of different the other one.