عنوان مقاله [English]
Understanding the relationship between the concepts of state and nation is a very important issue in political science, In general, it can be said that in a general classification this relationship is formed in two basic forms. The form of government: Democratic and authoritarianism. The Islamic Republic of Iran, however, is a government that demands attention to the basic precepts of Islam according to the verses of the Qur'an and hadiths as well as the way of the Prophet (PBUH) and the Imams and finally using the power of ijtihad in Shia jurisprudence, it is trying to create a model of democratic rule based on Islamic precepts. The present article investigates the relation between state and the nation by qualitative and interpretive approach using Islamic precepts and Islamic texts and principles and the four sources of Shi'a jurisprudence including Qur'an, the Prophet's tradition, consensus, and reason in the context of Shi'a religion. The results show that Shi'a jurisprudence considers the concept of the ummah rather than the nation, That the Ummah approves this Imam and the legitimacy of the Imam is from God. Standard rule in Islam is top-down and democracy is a method, a council and a consultation with the ummah.